15 Abr Sustainable Transport and the Post-2015 Development Agenda
During this event, a group of climate change experts and the audience evaluated the pertinence and effectiveness of the goals set in the sustainable transport Results Framework, a document being prepared with the aim of including sustainable transport in the United Nation’s Post-2015 Development Agenda. This is being done on behalf of the Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport by a small team of consultants working with SLoCaT and supported by GIZ GmbH and UN-Habitat (with funding from the Department of International Development, UK). More than 100 people representing more than 30 organizations were consulted in the development of the Results Framework.
The document explains to legislators the necessity of implementing policies that facilitate sustainable transport:
Transport and service infrastructures allow urban and rural populations to participate in economic opportunities and access essential services like education and health. When designed to be inclusive, transport is a strong driver of economic growth and poverty reduction. However, transport currently has serious negative impacts, including transit accidents that cause deaths and injuries, air pollution that cause damage to health and greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.
Objective of the Process
The Results Framework in sustainable transport combines three objectives related to improving access for urban and rural populations, as well as national access and local connectivity, with three objectives in road safety, air pollution and greenhouse gas emission, which can significantly reduce transport’s negative externalities.
Goals for Improving Accessibility
– Goals for improving rural access: ensure universal access to sustainable transport for the rural population in 2030.
– Goals for improving urban access: ensure universal access to sustainable transport for the urban population in 2030.
– Goal for improving national accessibility and regional connectivity: facilitate national inclusion and regional connectivity through multimodal sustainable transportation services for freight and passengers by 2030.
Goals for Reducing Negative Externalities
– Goals for road safety: halve thedamages caused by traffic accidents globally by 2030 (compared with 2010) by reducing the number of fatalities and serious injuries.
– Goals for air pollution and human health: Increase the urban population with air quality within the limits established by the WHO.
– Goals for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: Total global transport-related GHG emissions will not exceed the peak until 2020 and then will begin to decline at a rate of 2% per year. In 2030, transportation-related emissions will not exceed 2010 levels.
During the event, there was some discussion whether time or distance was more pertinent to evaluate transportation access. The appropriateness of the safety goals was also discussed, given that they will be difficult to achieve.